Historical places of interest to visit

AUCH - the capital of the Gers, department (32) and the historical capital of Gascony.

AUCH is steeped in history, being the former residence of the prelates and the Counts of Armagnac.

This medieval city built on the site of a Roman city (Elimberris), with its ocre stone and rose coloured tiles, sits upon a limestone hilltop overlooking the river Gers.

Here, in the middle of the monumental staircase built in 1863 which has 370 steps that lead to the river Gers, you will  find the statue of Charles de Batz Castelmore of Château Castelmore, Lupiac, Gers, from whom this real life Gascon was modelled the fictitious character d’Artagnan, the fourth Musketeer, from the book ‘The Three Musketeers’ by Alexandre Dumas, 1844.

During  the Second World War, unlike so many others, d'Artagnan's statue was  not melted down as the occupying Germans did not dare incur the wrath of  the locals by destroying the symbol of their icon! 

TOULOUSE - the capital of the Haute-Garonne, department (31) as well as the capital of the Occitanie region.

TOULOUSE is the fourth largest city in France is known also as ‘La Cité Rose',  (the pink city), due to the light and the many bricks used in the  buildings throughout Toulouse. 

Here you will find such sights as the Basilica of Saint Sernin.

The building of this five storey octagonal belfry, dedicated to Saint Saturnin the martyred bishop of the city, was started in the 11th century and completed in the 13th century, making this the largest  Romanesque building in the western world and a real masterpiece in brick.

Today, the basilica is still a very important stage of pilgrimage for those tracing the steps of St. James of Compostella.

THE PYRÉNÉES - the Pic du Midi Observatory.

Found at the summit of the Pic du Midi de Bigorre at 2,877 metres and, when the mountains are in view, can be clearly seen from 'La Haille' with binoculars.

A 15 minute cable cable car journey will take you to the Pic du Midi Observatory where you can see the entire Pyrenean mountain chain, the plains of Southern France, the first foothills of the Massif Centrale and over 300 kilometres of summits.

Since 1884 it has played a major part in both astronomy, planetology and mapping of the lunar surface.

This  extraordinary observatory has been in use since 1878, when the first  foundation stone was laid, and is today part of the Météo France  Network. 

The Pic du Midi offers 'Nuits au Pic'; a chance to stay over night and observe the sunset and sunrise, sleep closer to the stars and learn about astronomy . . . discover a sky pure and a sea of clouds!

Not to be missed


Another famous historical hero, Jean Lannes, was born in Lectoure, Gers.
Jean Lannes was Marshal of France and Napoleon Bonaparte's most daring and telented generals.

The Cathédrale Sainte Marie; the last great Gothic cathedral to be constructed in France between 1560 and 1680, one of the major sites for Santiago de Compostela and listed on the World Heritage, UNESCO. This cathedral also features 18 stained glass windows, the work of master  Arnaut de Moles, 113 stalls beautifully carved from the heart of oak, soaked in water for fifty years for hardening purposes and a magnificent organ built by Jean de Joyeuse between 1688 and 1694.

Other monuments in Auch not to be missed include The Maison Henri IV, The Préfecture, The Hotel de Ville, The Maison de Gascogne, a former grain market where gastronomic and craft exhibits are organised during the summer months, and the many Pousterles, picturesque narrow lanes which date from the middle ages.


The home of the French aircraft industry is Aérospatiale. With the arrival of the AIRBUS company  and their A320 family aircraft, A340 airbus, A350 airliner, A380  double-deck airbus and the new military A400M programme at Aérospatiale,  Toulouse has become the European capital of aeronautics; the  Midi-Pyrénées region being the geographic heart, as it was here also  that the Ariane space rocket and Concorde were built. The Cité de l’Espace  is devoted entirely to space exploration where you can see what it is  like to see the Earth from a space capsule or experience being sent up  in a rocket. Cité de l’Espace is an interactive space museum offering  many other cultural, educational and playful aspects of space,  terminating at the foot of the rocket Ariane 5 which you will also find  placed at this museum.

Perhaps you may prefer to glide down the Garonne or Canal du Midi  which is listed on the World Heritage, UNESCO: its bridges, quays,  locks and nearby monuments - an unusual way to discover the hidden  aspects of the city!

Other monuments not to be missed include The Capitole, The 'Jacobins' Monastery Complex, St. Étienne Cathedral, Notre Dame de la Daurade, and the Roman Amphitheatre at Purpan. 


THE LEGEND OF PIRENE has it that when Hercules walked the Earth, a great fire took hold of the forests of the Pyrénées; (pyr, in Greek means 'fire'). The fire was so  intense that it melted the rocks, and villages were entombed under the rivers of magma. The demi-god arrived amidst this catastrophe, and hearing moans, extended his arms towards the flames, finding Princess Pirene, daughter of King Tubal.

Before dying she had the strength to  tell this story: "My  father, Tubal, was King of Iberia when the country was invaded by Gerion, the three-headed monster, who managed to defeat him and take the throne. I was afraid, and ran away into the forest. Gerion, fearful  that one day I would return to claim my inheritance, started the fire in the mountains and returned to Hades".

After speaking, Pirene died in the arms of the Greek, giving him her land.

Hercules left Pirene on the ground, and started to cover her body with large stones until he had formed a wall of rocks which ran from the Cantabrian Sea to the Mediterranean, where he threw the remaining stones, forming the Cap de Creus, so legend has it!